Gambaran Kebersihan Mulut Dan Gingivitis Pada Murid Sekolah Dasar Di Puskesmas Sepatan, Kabupaten Tangerang
Notohartojo, Indirawati Tjahja
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AbstractPeriodontal disease especially gingivitis is commonly caused by poor oral hygiene, so it leads to make plaque accumulation containing various microorganisms. Tendency of plaque formation occurs in every people in all age. Periodontal disease examination was conducted by ten medical doctors, ten dentists and ten dental nurses using mouth mirrors. The study took ten months in Sepatan Primary Health Care, Tangerang. The total amount of participants were 60 children consisted of 30 children of first grade elementary school and 30 children of sixth grade of elementary school, they are six and twelve years old. The design of the study was cross sectional and the data were analyzed by using SPSS 11.5. The results of the study was represented in OHIS ( Oral Hygiene Index Simplified ) and GI (Gingivitis Index) The data of six years old children which were examined by medical doctors , dentists and dental nurses were in good criteria. Furthermore in group of 12 years old which were examined by medical doctors, the results were in moderate criteria. The result of examination conducted by dentists and dental nurses were in poor criteria. The result examinations of Gingivitis Index (GI) were conducted by medical doctors, dentists and dental nurses in six and twelve years old of children were good criteria. The summary of the study was the procedure of oral hygiene examination in six and twelve years old of children and gingivitis examination in six and twelve years old of children could be conducted by medical doctors, however the oral hygiene examination in twelve years old of children could not be conducted by dentists and dental nurses.
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