Peningkatan Status Gizi Anak Balita di Lingkungan Keluarga Pekerja Wanita
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AbstractA study of nutritional improvement in children under five years old of working women families was conducted in the sub district of Kali Wungu, district of Kudus, Central Java. A total of 83 preschool children (19-55 months old) with mild under nutrition was divided into two groups. The first was intervention group received food supplement containing 300 kcal of energy and 5 g of protein, three times a week for the duration of 14 weeks. The second was control group, did not receive any food supplement. Baseline data collection included identity, body weight and height, haemoglobine, haematocrit, serum ferritin, food consumption of the children and socioeconomic status of the household and was conducted in both groups before starting with the supplementary feeding. Just after baseline data collection, both groups received de worming (combantrin syrup). Multivitamin were given every day for the first ten days and another ten days in the middle of the intervention. While iron pill (Ferro sulphate) 30 mg was given weekly. The evaluation were conducted after 14 weeks of intervention. The results of the study revealed that : 1) the energy intake of daily food consumption of both groups of children was lower than Recommended Dietary Allowances (61 percent RDA); 2) the average energy intake originating from the portion of the food supplement consumed was only 225 Kcal (75 percent of the total energy provided); 3) supplementary feeding three times per week for 14 weeks together with providing a medicine package consisting of de worming (combantrin), multivitamins (provide) and iron pill increases nutritional status based on weight for age by 2.7 percent; 4) supplementary feeding three times per week for 14 weeks together with medicine package raises Hb levels 0.61 g/dl; 5) the medicine package only, without supplementary feeding increases Hb levels 0.21 g./dl (control group); 6) supplementary feeding activities for children of workingwomen families could be managed by cadres as volunteers under supervision of the village's midwife.
URIhttp://repository.litbang.kemkes.go.id/1747/ Saidin, M. (1998) Peningkatan Status Gizi Anak Balita di Lingkungan Keluarga Pekerja Wanita. Project Report. Center for Research and Development of Nutrition and Food, NIHRD.
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