KEJADIAN STUNTING PADA ANAK BARU MASUK SEKOLAH DI DAERAH BINAAN POLTEKKES KEMENKES MANADO
Montol, Ana B.
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AbstractThe low nutritional status of school children will have a negative impact on improving the quality of human resources. In Sulawesi, the prevalence of stunting of children aged 6-12 years is 27.9%, consisting of 8% and 19.9% very short short. stunted incidence in children is a cumulative process that occurs from the pregnancy, childhood and throughout the life cycle of the North. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of stunting in children attend school in the new target areas polytechnic MoH Manado. This type of research design: Retrospective observational analytic study. Total sample of 154 people. Sampling was done by proportional random sampling. Data collected from the sample characteristics and the respondent, child birth weight, breastfeeding status, parenting, infectious diseases, immunization status and height of new children entering school. Analysis of bivariate data to determine the factors associated with the incidence of stunting in children who had entered the school using Chi Square (X ) at 95% significance level (? = 0.05). Birth weight is no relation to the incidence of stunting (p = 0366). Breastfeeding is no relationship (p = 0005) on the incidence of child stunting just entered elementary school, with OR 2.07 (1:37 to 5:18) means that the subject is not exclusively breastfed at risk is 2.07 times the incidence of stunting than subjects given exclusive breastfeeding. A diet no relation to the occurrence of stunting is a habit breakfast (p = 0245), custom mother preparing food needs children (p = 0497), maternal control diet (p = 1.000), Food consists of staple foods, side dishes, vegetables and fruit (p = 0245), the food is varied (p = 0245) and the habit of drinking milk every day (p = 1.000). Parenting related to the incidence of stunting which children lived and was raised solely by his biological mother is p = 0.022. Infectious diseases (ARD) no relationship (p = 0.009) on the incidence of stunting that duration. Duration 2:29 ?3 times a day would be at risk on the incidence of stunting. ARI duration ?3 days OR 2:29 (CI95% 1.29-4.80. Immunization both BCG, DPT, Polio, Measles and Hepatitis no effect (P> 0.05) on the incidence of stunting in children attend primary school recently References Adair, L.S and Guilkey, D. K (1997). Gage Specific Determinants of Stunting in Filipino Children. The jurnal of Nutrition. Pp 314-320. (Accesed 20 February 2009) Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional.2009. Pengembangan Database Pembangunan Bidang Kesehatan dan Gizi Masyarakat. http.//kgm bappenas.go.id.Diakses : 26 Februari 2013 Chandra A, Puruhita N, Susanto JC. Risk factor of stunting among 1-2 years old children in Semarang city. Medika indonesiana. 2011; 45:206-12 Hana S A, Martha IK, 2012. Faktor resiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 12-36 bulan di Kecamatan Pati Kabupaten Pati. Journal Of Nutrition College, volume 1 tahun 2012, hal 30-37 Khomsan, A. 2012. Ekologi Masalah Gizi, Pangan dan Kemiskinan.Alfabeta. Bandung. Lemenshow, David. W.H.Jr.Janelle K, Stephen K.L, Penerjemeh Pramono D, Kusnanto H, (1997) Adequasi of Sample Size in Healht Studies, Pramono D (1997) (Alih Bahasa), Gajah Mada university Press: Yogyakarta. Muller, O, Krawinkel M. Malnutrition and health in developing countries.Can. Medicine Asociation Journal., 173:279-286 Riskesdas,2010. Laporan Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Indonesia Tahun 2009. Depkes R.I. Jakarta. Siagian A. Epidemiologi gizi jakarta; Erlangga 2010.h 22-31 Soekirman,2000. Ilmu Gizi dan Aplikasinya Untuk Keluarga dan Masyarakat.Dirjen Dikti Depdiknas. Jakarta. Trahms CM, Mckean KN. Nutrition During Infancy. In Mahan LK, EscottStumps S. Editor�s. Kraus�s food, nutrition,and diet therapy. 11 th ed. USA: Saunders. 2004. P.206-8, 215, 224, 232, 384
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