An epidemiological study of cervical cancer has been made with the objective to examine the influence of several factors on its occurrence. As a case-control study, the group of cases consisted of women suffering from cenvical cancer based on clinical and pathological diagnosis, and the group of controls consisted of women not suffering from the disease, who were selected by matching age and ethnic group. An analysis has been made to calculate the "relative risk", in which each of the several factors, taken into account in this study, is involved in the occurrence of cervical cancer. The data collection from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of 3 (three) hospitals in Jakarta, from July 1977 to March 1978, recorded 544 cases and 544 controls. The result of the analysis shows that certain factors, such as education, frequency of manage, age at first mariage, frequency of gravidity, frequency of parturition, have influence on the risk of getting cervical cancer; while uncircum-cised husband, frequency of abortion and practice of family planning do not show any influence. In the discussion is recommended, that further studies be performed with making practical use of the result of this study.