IODINE SALT CONSUMPTION IN INDONESIAN HOUSEHOLDS: BASELINE HEALTH SURVEY 2007
Aryastami, Ni Ketut; Peneliti pada Pusat Humaniora Kebijakan Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta
Susilowati, Dwi; Peneliti pada Pusat Humaniora Kebijakan Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta
Usman, Yuslely; Peneliti pada Pusat Humaniora Kebijakan Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground: Iodine Deficiency Disorder (100) reduction program has been implemented since 1976. According to the National Economic Survey 2002, the average consumption of iodized salt was 6. 26 grams. The results of Iodine Salt Survey (SGY) 2003 showed that the consumption of iodine salt at the household level was 73.2%, meanwhile, the baseline health survey (Riskesdas) 2007 showed there was reduction of iodine salt consumption towards 60.2%. Methods: Type of study was secondary data analysis with cross-sectional design utilizing the Riskesdas 2007's data. Sample was selected purposively according to the previous SGY's survey based on the endemically criteria namely highly endemic, mediocre and non endemic. Results: The results of the analysis were there was discrepancy of iodine salt consumption among urban and rural areas as well as mother's education level. The iodine salt consumption was higher in the urban area (65.5%) compare to the rural area (52.9%). The higher the education of mothers the better the iodine salt consumed. The usage of iodine salt in the households based on salt quick test was 60.2%, meanwhile, according to the salt titration it was only 23.4%. The results of Excretion Iodine Urine showed that the iodine intake among the school children (age of 6-12 years old) was 12.8% and was still below the cut-off point prevalence, which is greater than 50%. The conclusion of this analysisis that there was evidence of iodine salt reduction consumed at the household level. Conversely, there was inclination of the percentage of iodine urine level among the school children in Indonesia in the year 2007. It is recommended that policy analysis need to be conducted due to the achievement of the Universal Salt iodization target, especially in the endemic areas to asses the existence of the IDO prevalence. Key words: Iodine salt at the households, Iodine salt consumption, urine iodine excretion
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.