Coronary Heart Disease [CHD] with Obesity in Kebon Kalapa Village, Bogor [Baseline Cohort Study of Non-communicable Diseases Risk Factors]
Rustika, Rustika; Pusat Humaniora, Kebijakan Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI
Oemiati, Ratih; Pusat Teknologi Intervensi Kesehatan Masyarakat Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI
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AbstractBackground: Obesity has become global pandemic problem in the world as WHO said that it is the largest chronic health problems in adults. Riskesdas 2007 shown that national obesity prevalence in adult based on BMI in 15 years age groups were 10.3%. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors of obesity on CHD i. e socio demography, behavior risk factors and blood test results. Methods: Cross sectional design with a deep analysis on the data evaluation subset of “Risk Factors Cohort Study of Non Communicable Diseases” research in Kebon Kalapa village, Bogor. The samples took were 1079 respondents CHD patients with obesity. CHD patients were determined based on ECG examination in 2013 and had obesity (BMI > 25 cm and hip ratio > 80 cm on women, and > 90 cm on men). Analysis Chi-square test and logistic regression. Results:The research shows that hypertension gives 1.8 of risk compared to obese CHD respondents with no hypertension with 95% of CI 1.31–2.53; LDL gives 1.6 of risk compared to respondents with no risk LDL in obese CHD group with 95% CI 1,18–2,32; HDL give 1.66 higher risk to respondents with risky HDL in obese CHD group with 95% CI 1,23–2,23 while Triglycerides gives 1.5 risk to obese CHD respondents with 95% CI 1,07–2,22. Conclusion: People of old ages, females, divorced, housewifes, well educated and high socioeconomic status would have CHD risk. Suggestion: Required further study of obese CHD on the quality of the food intake, especially in fat of the oil used for frying in order to know more detail the types of saturated fatty acids that affect the deterioration of the blood lipid profile.
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