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dc.contributoren-US
dc.creatorHandayani, Sri Wahyuni; B2P2VRP
dc.creatorPrastowo, Dhian; B2P2VRP
dc.creatorBoesri, Hasan; B2P2VRP
dc.creatorOktsariyanti, Ary; B2P2VRP
dc.creatorJoharina, Arum Sih; B2P2VRP
dc.date2018-06-30
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-17T08:42:52Z
dc.date.available2019-12-17T08:42:52Z
dc.identifierhttp://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/blb/article/view/5833
dc.identifier10.22435/blb.v14i1.5833.23-30
dc.identifier.urihttp://r2kn.litbang.kemkes.go.id:8080/handle/123456789/82550
dc.descriptionDemam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) merupakan permasalahan kesehatan di Indonesia. Penyebaran DBD melalui vektor nyamuk. Pengendalian vektor merupakan tahapan penting dalam mencegah DBD. Adanya resistensi insektisida membuat pengendalian vektor terhambat, sehingga diperlukan penelitian inovasi insektisida nabati, salah satunya tembakau (Nicotiana tabacum L). Penelitian bertujuan menguji efektivitas larvasida ekstrak tembakau terhadap larva Aedes aegypti serta menganalisis kandungan nikotin dari tembakau yang dikoleksi dari tiga tempat, yaitu Semarang, Temanggung, dan Kendal; menggunakan desain penelitian eksperimental murni, dan dilaksanakan Maret-Desember 2013. Tembakau diekstraksi dengan etanol lalu diuji pada larva Ae. aegypti instar tiga. Hasil pengujian memperlihatkan ekstrak tembakau Temanggung paling aktif sebagai larvasida diikuti Semarang dan Kendal, sedangkan untuk  mendapatkan respon biologis 90% kematian dari jumlah total sampel larva diperlukan konsentrasi ekstrak tembakau Kendal pada konsentrasi 447ppm, Semarang 241ppm, dan Temanggung 212ppm. Efek larvasida ekstrak tidak berbanding lurus dengan kadar nikotin ekstrak tembakau, yaitu tembakau Semarang (4,69%), Temanggung (3,61%), dan Kendal (1,85%). Kata kunci: ekstrak tembakau, larvasida, LC90, nikotin.   ABSTRACT Dengue fever (DF) is a health problem in Indonesia. The spread of DF occurs through mosquito vectors. Vector control is one of important methods in dengue prevention. However, the occurence of insecticide resistance leads the need of new inovation of botanical insecticide, such tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L). The research aimed to know larvicidal effectivity of tobacco extracts against Aedes aegypti larvae, and also analyzed nicotine content of tobacco leaves which collected from three sites: Semarang, Temanggung, and Kendal; used  experimental design and carried out on March-December 2013. Tobacco leaves was extracted with etanol then tested to Aedes aegypti larvae three. The results showed that tobacco leaves from Temanggung was the most active as larvicides, then were followed from Semarang and Kendal. The analysis result showed that to reach 90% death from total number of larvae samples (LD90), required tobacco extract of Kendal at concentration 447ppm, Semarang 241ppm, and Temanggung 212ppm. Larvicidal effects of tobacco leaf extract was unproportional to the content of nicotine, namely Semarang (4,69%), Temanggung (3,61%), and Kendal (1,85%). Keywords: tobacco extract, larvacide, LC90, nicotine.en-US
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languageen
dc.publisherVector and Animal Borne Disease Control Unit of Banjarnegaraen-US
dc.relationhttp://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/blb/article/downloadSuppFile/5833/804580459547
dc.relationhttp://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/blb/article/downloadSuppFile/5833/804580459548
dc.rightsThe Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to BALABA and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from BALABA and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).BALABA and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.Click here to download Copyright Transfer Form.
dc.sourceBalaba; VOL 14, NO 1 JUN (2018); 23-30id-ID
dc.sourceBALABA: JURNAL LITBANG PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT BERSUMBER BINATANG BANJARNEGARA; VOL 14, NO 1 JUN (2018); 23-30en-US
dc.subjectekstrak tembakau; larvasida; LC90; nikotinen-US
dc.titleEfektivitas Ekstrak Daun Tembakau (Nicotiana tabacum L) dari Semarang, Temanggung, dan Kendal Sebagai Larvasida Aedes aegypti Len-US
dc.typePeer-reviewed Articleen-US


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