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dc.creatorAsturiningtyas, Ika Puspita; Balai Litbang GAKI Magelang
dc.creatorKusrini, Ina; Balai Litbang GAKI Magelang
dc.descriptionBackground. Iodized salt is universal effort to eliminate iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). Iodine consentration in iodized salt needs to be evaluated due to many cases of hypothyroid and hyperthyroidism. Objective. The purpose of this study was to describe whether iodized salt consumed by peoples contributes to hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism cases. Method. This was a descriptive study in area with the highest cases of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism based on data from Klinik Litbang GAKI Magelang 2005-2012. Samples were taken using purposive sampling with a sample size of 90 households per area. Area with the highest case of hyperthyroidism is Mertoyudan Sub District while area with the highest case of hypothyroidism is Salaman Sub Districts, both in Magelang District. Iodine content in salt was by taking sample of salt from households which used for daily consumption. Statistic analysed used were independent sample t test and Chi Square. Result. The results showed that salt consumed in both areas already contains iodine. Salt iodine content level in area with the highest hyperthyroidism (55.1±23.84 ppm) was higher than in the area with the highest hypothyroidism (49.79±39.28 ppm). According to the category of iodine content in salt, iodine content below standards (<30 ppm) is higher in area with the highest hypohyroidism (25.6 percent). Iodine content above standars (>80 ppm) is higher in area with the highest hyperthyroidism (13.2 percent). However iodine content in both areas showed no significant difference (p=0.27). Conclusion. Iodized salt consumption does not contribute to the high case of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Salt consumed in area with the highest cases of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism already contains iodine as standard. It is possible that there are other factors that cause high incidence of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in those areas that needs further research.Keywords: hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, iodine, salten-US
dc.publisherBalai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodiumen-US
dc.rightsMedia Gizi Mikro Indoesia (MGMI) Journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supporting a greater global exchange of knowledge.All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.  We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows:• Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-SA)The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to MGMI Journal and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.  
dc.sourceMedia Gizi Mikro Indonesia; Vol 7, No 1 (2015); 35-44id-ID
dc.sourceMedia Gizi Mikro Indonesia; Vol 7, No 1 (2015); 35-44en-US

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